Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Curriculum in the Development of High School Students’ Personality from Students’ Point of View

Document Type : Original Article


1 Master student of Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Curriculum Planning, Islamshahr University, Islamshahr, Iran

3 Professor of Curriculum Planning, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study is to compare the implicit and Explicit curriculum in the personality development of junior high school students from the perspective of students. The research was applied in terms of purpose and survey in terms of method. The statistical population includes all-female first-year high school students in Bukan who are studying in the academic year 1399-1400. According to information received from the Buchan County Education Department, the total number of students is 1,620. In this part, a multi-stage cluster random sampling method was used. In the first stage, from all the girls' schools of the first secondary school of Buchan city, 1 school was selected from each district in the north, south, east, west, and center of the city, respectively, then two classes were randomly selected from each school (for one The questionnaire class role questionnaire on Explicit personality development questionnaire and for the other class the implicit curriculum role questionnaire on personality development questionnaire) and a total of 10 classes that were selected for approximately 28 to 30 people for each class, for a total of 300 (150 people in each group). Multivariate analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the implicit curriculum is more effective in the development of students' personalities than the Explicit curriculum. The results also showed that the components of the obvious curriculum such as purpose, content, method, and evaluation are effective on students 'personality development, among which the content component has the most effective and the goal has the least effect on students' personality development and finally That the components of the implicit curriculum such as the interaction of individuals, the organizational structure of the school, the social atmosphere of the school, and the physical structure of the school also affect the development of student's personality. Among these, the component of interaction between individuals has the most effect and the organizational structure of the school has the least effect on the development of students' personalities.